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Violent protests against Citizenship Act

The death toll in protests in India against a contentious citizenship law has reached 23, as nine more people were killed on Saturday in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh. Fifteen people have died in the state during the protests so far, police spokesman Praveen Kumar said, adding that a majority of the dead are young people. He said around a dozen vehicles were set on fire amid protests in the districts of Rampur, Sambhal, Muzaffarnagar, Bijnor and Kanpur, where a police station was also torched. India’s most populous Uttar Pradesh state, home to 204 million people, is controlled by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). On Friday, six people, including an eight-year-old boy, were killed during the protests in the state with a large Muslim population. Thousands of people have been taken into custody. Five people were arrested and cases filed for posting objectionable material on social media.
The controversial legislation was cleared by the Parliament a few days ago and approved by India’s President Ram Nath Kovind a day later, despite widespread criticism by legal experts. A Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind spokesman said that the organization held protests in multiple cities including Aligarh, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Ahmedabad, Patna, Bengaluru and Jaipur. Manisha Sethi, a professor at Jamia Millia Islamia University said the whole idea behind the law is of a Hindu nation as imagined by India’s far-right ideologues. The new citizenship law had already triggered protests in the northeastern Assam state, where demonstrators said it would convert thousands of undocumented immigrants into legal residents. On Thursday, at least two people were killed in Assam when police opened fire on mobs torching buildings and attacking railway stations in protest against the rules. In Guhati four people were killed in Guwahati by the firing of Indian security forces.
After revoking Articles 370 and 35-A of Indian Constitution that had given special status to Jammu and Kashmir, the final Assam citizens’ list was released, leaving out more than 1.9 million Muslims. After the abolition of Article 370 of the Constitution, 10 other states Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura and Uttarakhand that enjoy special category distrust the Indian government because of Modi’s actions. It has to be mentioned that special category status was granted to them by the National Development Council on the recommendations of the Planning Commission to states that needed special consideration. But Modi is playing with fire. Some of the significant separatist movements in India include Naxalites or Maoists, which is second major freedom movement after IOK in India. Maoists inhabit an area known as the ‘Red Corridor’ that stretches from West Bengal to Karnataka state in the southwest.
Though Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) is considered basically anti-Muslim Law whereby 2 million people have been denied citizenship. Anyhow, apart from Muslims other communities are also protesting against CAA, and six states said they will not implement the Act. However, as propagated by the government that the Citizenship Amendment Bill seeks to offer a window of acquiring Indian citizenship to the illegal immigrants belonging to six communities – Hindu, Sikh, Jain, Buddhist, Parsi and Christian – whom the government considers entered India to escape religious persecution in their parent countries, namely, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan. But people in general are not convinced, which is why there is turmoil throughout India.

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